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Canada work permit

Explore different types of work permits and their requirements for each category, as well as strategies to strengthen your work permit application and avoid refusals

For foreign workers
  • a job offer letter
  • Hợp đồng lao động
  • Một bản sao LMIA
  • Có số LMIA (LMIA number)

Một LMIA được đánh giá tích cực (positive LMIA) sẽ chứng minh được nhu cầu thuê lao động nước ngoài cho một công việc nhất định mà tại thời điểm đó không có lao động người Canada hoặc thường trú nhân Canada nào phù hợp để tiếp nhận công việc.

Chủ lao động sẽ đứng đơn nộp hồ sơ LMIA và nếu kết quả trả về là Positive (tích cực), người lao động có thể nộp đơn xin Giấy phép làm việc (Work Permit) tại Canada.

BƯỚC 1: Trong phần lớn các trường hợp, bước đầu tiên để có được giấy phép làm việc Canada là nộp đơn xin Đánh giá Tác động Thị trường Lao động (LMIA) từ Cơ quan Việc làm và Phát triển Xã hội Canada (ESDC). Thông thường, nhà tuyển dụng Canada phải thực hiện các nỗ lực tuyển dụng trong nước và chứng minh rằng không có thường trú nhân hoặc công dân Canada nào đủ tiêu chuẩn cho vị trí hiện tại.

BƯỚC 2: Sau khi có LMIA tích cực, ứng viên có thể nộp đơn xin giấy phép làm việc Canada trên cơ sở đó. Giấy phép lao động dành riêng cho người sử dụng lao động, trừ khi người lao động có Giấy phép làm việc mở. Nếu một công nhân muốn thay đổi người sử dụng lao động, họ phải có Giấy phép làm việc mới trước khi thực hiện một công việc khác ở Canada.

For International Students in Canada

Không như người lao động, du học sinh tại Canada có nhiều sự lựa chọn về Work Permit. Với mỗi lựa chọn, điều kiện sẽ có sự khác biệt. Cụ thể như sau

Off-campus Work Permit – Giấy phép làm việc ngoài nhà trường

Đây là loại giấy phép được gộp chung với giấy phép du học. Với giấy phép này, du học sinh sẽ được làm thêm ngoài nhà trường với thời gian tối đa là 20 giờ/tuần và làm việc toàn thời gian khi đang trong kỳ nghỉ.

Co-op Work Permit – Giấy phép làm việc phục vụ việc học

Loại giấy phép này được cấp cho những sinh viên du học tại Canada mà trong chương trình học có phần thực tập (phần thực tập này không được chiếm quá 50% chương trình học).

Giấy phép làm việc phục vụ việc học chỉ cho phép sinh viên làm việc trong khuôn khổ chương trình học, không được sử dụng để làm thêm bên ngoài.

Post Graduation Work Permit – Giấy phép làm việc sau khi tốt nghiệp

Đây là loại Work Permit Canada dành cho sinh viên du học có điều kiện khắt khe hơn so với 2 loại được nêu ở trên. Điều kiện để sinh viên được cấp giấy phép này như sau:

  • Theo học tại một trường đại học/cao đẳng tại Canada với chương trình học liên tục toàn thời gian. Đồng thời, đã hoàn tất khóa học này ít nhất 8 tháng.
  • Đã hoàn thành tất cả các môn trong chương trình học.
  • Đã đủ điều kiện tốt nghiệp, nhận bằng.

Do you need IELTS to apply for a Canadian Work Permit?

Individuals applying for a work permit in Canada are not required to take the IELTS or any other English or French language exam. However, if the job offer specifically demands French and/or English skills, and the applicant is from a non-French or English-speaking country, the immigration officer may request evidence of language proficiency, such as a language test.

What is Open Work Permit?

An Open Work Permit is a type of work permit that differs from a regular work permit in that it does not specify a particular job or employer. This type of work permit allows the holder to do any job and work for Canadian workers that the worker desire.

An Open Work Permit does not require the applicant to have a job offer or a positive Labor Market Impact Assessment (LMIA).

According to Canadian immigration regulations, an open work permit can be applied for:

  •  The spouse or common-law partner of a foreign worker who holds a temporary work permit in skill levels 0, A, or B, as per the National Occupational Classification (NOC), can apply for an Open Work Permit.
  • The spouse or common-law partner of an international student enrolled in full-time studies can also apply for an Open Work Permit.
  • International students who have recently graduated from a Canadian post-secondary educational institution are also eligible to apply for an Open Work Permit.

The fastest programs to obtain a Work Permit

Owning a Work Permit brings many benefits to foreign workers. Therefore, this type of document is always of special concern to those who want to live and work in Canada.

Currently, there are many different ways for you to apply for a Work Permit in Canada. One of these ways is to participate in Canada's Immigration Programs , such as the Investment Immigration program or the Skilled Worker program.

  • Start up Visa (SUV)
  • SINP – Saskatchewan Immigration Nomination Program
  • OINP – Ontario Immigration Nomination Program
  • AIPP – Atlantic Immigration Program: Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland & Labrador and Prince Edward Island

This is a program designed to attract entrepreneurs and skilled workers to Canada for employment (or to create jobs for Canadian citizens). Moreover, when registering for the program through reputable immigrate to Canada , you will receive comprehensive support, including assistance with obtaining a Work Permit. Therefore, it helps you save time and achieve a higher success rate.

Does work visa get rejected?

Frequent reasons for work permit refusals in Canada include scrutiny of the applicant's travel and identity documents, purpose of visit, local contacts, financial capabilities, ties to their home country (like immigration status, employment, and family connections), and the likelihood of their departure at the permit's end.

The category of the work permit application significantly influences the outcome. For instance, refusals are common for applicants seeking an open work permit due to their spouse's status as an international student or worker (NOC category 0, A, or B), known as C41 and C42 permits, if the marriage isn't deemed genuine. Similarly, applicants for post-graduate work permits (PGWP) might face rejection if their academic history includes unexplained gaps.

What is a work permit refusal letter?

A work permit refusal letter is a formal document issued by IRCC (Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada) officers to inform applicants of the reasons for their work permit application being denied. The letter outlines the specific grounds on which the decision was based and provides an explanation of why the applicant did not meet the requirements for a work permit.

Common reasons cited in a work permit refusal letter include

  1. Inadequate ability to perform job duties effectively.
  2. Lack of clarity or credibility regarding the purpose of the visit.
  3. Insufficient ties to both Canada and the applicant's home country, raising doubts about their intention to leave Canada after the permitted stay.
  4. Concerns related to the applicant's travel history, such as frequent travels or inconsistencies.
  5. Unclear or unfavorable immigration status, such as previous visa violations or unresolved issues.
  6. Unstable or unfavorable current employment conditions, leading to doubts about the applicant's financial stability or commitment to returning home.

The refusal letter serves as an official notification of the decision and often includes instructions on how to appeal the decision or rectify the issues for future applications. 

Key Reasons for Work Permit Rejections in Canada

Before foreign nationals can work in Canada, their work visa application must gain approval. However, there are various common reasons for work permit refusals, necessitating a clear understanding to improve chances of success.

  1. Non-Genuine Job Offer
    Denials often stem from issues with the Canadian job offer, including its validity, compensation, and working conditions. IRCC may reject applications if the job offer lacks credibility, such as when the employer fails to provide the promised job.
  1. Insufficient Qualifications:
    Applicants must demonstrate qualifications and experience relevant to the job offered in Canada. Failure to meet these requirements can lead to a work permit rejection.
  1. Weak Ties to Home Country
    Lack of strong ties to their home country can raise doubts about an applicant's intention to return after their work visa expires, leading to refusals.
  1. Misrepresentation or Lack of Transparency
    Inconsistencies or omissions in the application, such as false information or failure to disclose previous visa refusals, can result in rejection.
  1. Insufficient Financial Resources
    Applicants must demonstrate sufficient funds to cover living expenses in Canada, as financial stability is a crucial consideration for IRCC.
  1. Previous Visa Refusal
    Past visa refusals may impact current applications, highlighting the importance of providing accurate and complete information.
  1. Extensive Review in Specific Cases
    Applications under specific categories, like spousal work permits, undergo thorough scrutiny to ensure the validity of relationships.

By addressing these reasons and ensuring compliance with IRCC requirements, applicants can improve their chances of obtaining a work permit in Canada.

Strategies to Avoid Work Permit Rejection in Canada

To improve your chances of successfully obtaining a Canadian work visa, follow the advice below and consider the additional insights provided:
  1. Thoroughly Prepare Your Application
    Take enough time and pay attention to detail when filling out your application. Gather all required documents and create a checklist to stay organized and meet deadlines. Choose the work permit that best fits your needs and thoroughly research Canada's work programs. Don't hesitate to seek advice from an immigration consultant.
  1. Validate Your Job Offer and Employer Legitimacy
    Ensure that your Canadian employer is reputable and complies with IRCC requirements. Seek guidance from a Canadian immigration professional to assess your employer's credibility. Confirm that your job offer is legitimate, offering fair wages, working conditions, and supported by relevant paperwork like an LMIA.
  1. Submit a Comprehensive Visa Application
    Submit your work visa application well in advance. Create a checklist, gather necessary documents, and accurately fill out all forms. Consider consulting a Canadian immigration advisor for guidance. Highlight why you're the best fit for the job, aligning your experience with the job requirements.
  1. Express Your Intention to Return Home
    Demonstrate your intention to return to your home country after completing your work in Canada. Provide evidence of strong ties to your home country, such as family connections, property ownership, career prospects, and community involvement.
  1. Maintain Honesty
    Provide accurate information and supporting documents in your work permit application regarding your qualifications, experience, and objectives. Be transparent and truthful throughout the process.
  1. Financial Preparation
    Ensure you have enough funds to support yourself during your stay in Canada. Research the cost of living and aim to save sufficient funds for at least 52 weeks before applying for your work permit.
  1. Resolve Past Immigration Issues
    Address any previous immigration issues, such as visa overstays or unauthorized work, before submitting your work permit application.
  1. Seek Professional Help
    Consider seeking guidance from a licensed Canadian immigration consultant to ensure your application is accurate, thorough, and compliant with regulations.
By following these strategies and seeking expert advice, you can significantly improve your chances of successfully obtaining a work permit in Canada.